How insurance can mitigate risks of cyber attacks

Everyone can be a target of cyber attacks, from large corporations and government institutions to small businesses and individuals. With the threat increasing, insurers have developed products for businesses to provide protection – in fact, cyber is one of the fastest growing lines of business for insurers.

But take up of cyber insurance is still relatively low, and the question is why. The 2023 edition of our C-suite barometer found that two thirds of executives (66%) felt confident their company data was completely protected, while 65% believed a significant data breach would not happen in their business in the next 12 months. Clearly a false sense of security could be at play when it comes to assessing the need for cyber insurance, but it’s something that could provide critical protection in the event of a cyber attack or data breach.

What cyber insurance is available?

Cyber insurance cover can encompass both the financial loss that a business suffers as a result of a cyber attack, as well as professional support to help an affected business react and recover.

Cover is often broken down into a number of categories:

  • Business interruption: If an IT failure or cyber attack interrupts business operations, insurers cover the loss of income during the period of interruption.
  • Potential claims of damages: Cyber insurance can provide cover for a business in the event that someone brings a claim against it for infringement of data protection or privacy rights.
  • Data: This protects a business from damage to its digital assets, such as data. It covers costs of recovering and restoring data.
  • Cyber extortion: This protects a business in the event of ransomware or other malicious attacks. These types of attacks attempt to seize control of, and withhold access to, an organisation’s operational or personal data until a fee is paid.
  • Reputational damage: An insurer can help with strategic reputation and crisis management when a business suffers a cyber attack.

Calculating cyber insurance coverage

When it comes to calculating cyber insurance coverage, the industry a business operates within and its current IT setup is key. What are the current IT security measures the company has? Are they well developed? Are they prepared for a data breach or cyber attack? Although it's difficult to have cast-iron rules for calculating this complex risk, the level of preparedness is the most important consideration for an insurance company when offering cyber insurance cover.

That’s because large international insurers will only cover the risk if a business has a process in place to identify an attack at an early stage. If a business has implemented a certain level of risk management to identify an attack, the insurer will offer a package based on the five categories listed above. If a business in unable to satisfy this condition, it will likely be offered reduced cover.

Why businesses should have cyber insurance

Despite the proliferation of cover available to businesses, take up is low. Larger businesses are more likely to have cyber insurance already in place, but medium or smaller companies often don't have it all. That’s an issue from both business protection and compliance perspectives.

Businesses need to understand the measures they should implement in order to reach a minimum standard of preparedness, so they can identify or avoid attacks before they happen. As part of that process, businesses should speak to insurance companies about the cover available to them. This will involve answering general questions about the business, turnover, customers and claims history; and specific questions on their cyber resilience and set-up, such as the type of data storage and security the company has in place. Going through that process will enable businesses to receive guidance on any measures they need to implement to be able to secure the cover they need.

Once cover is in place, it must be kept up to date with changes in risk. Businesses should be continuously reviewing their risk management profile when it comes to cyber and, as a result, the amount of cover they either need or are able to get, particularly during their annual renewal process.

With the risk of a cyber attack increasing, businesses need to ensure they have the protection of insurance. Cyber insurance is becoming an essential tool, rather than just a nice-to-have.

Want to know more?

Want to know more about cyber insurance or what you can do to protect your organisation? Do you want to know more about what you can do to manage cyber risks? Then please contact Jan Matto by e-mail or by telefoon: +31 (0)88 277 13 99 or with Jeffrey de Bruijn by e-mail of by telefoon +31 (0)88 277 11 27. They will be happy to help you further.